This third workshop will focus on peacekeeping. In spite of their dramatic expansion at the end of the Cold War, peace operations have been challenged by problems of local ownership and sustainability and beset by the impact of resounding failures in Somalia, Bosnia and Rwanda. Outside actors were reluctant to commit to deployments that could not be justified in terms of national security; local actors resented what they perceived as outside interventions with little understanding of the local context and called for local solutions to local problems. To get out of this quandary, building the capacity of regional organizations and of militaries from conflict-ridden states and areas seemed to be the obvious answer.
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