Policy Briefs

Reframing the Ukrainian Crisis

In April 2021, according to the statements of Josep Borrell, the High Representative of the European Union, at least 150,000 Russian soldiers were deployed on a military exercise at the…
Policy Briefs

What is Grey Zone Deterrence?

The types of conflict states aim to deter have evolved since the Cold War, presenting new challenges each time. Deterrence theory became popular during the Cold War, with nuclear capabilities…

Centre for International and Defence Policy (CIDP) Université du Québec à Montréal (UQAM) The Department of National Defence and the Canadian Armed Forces / Le Ministère de la Défense nationale et les Forces armées canadiennes