For this 30th episode, Sarah-Myriam and Thomas welcome Lori-Anne Théroux-Bénoni, director of the Institute for Security Studies (ISS) regional office for West Africa, Sahel and the Lake Chad Basin. They discuss the ISS mission. Lori-Anne discusses the factors behind recent coups and attempted coups in the Sahel and the role of regional and/or international organizations such as the UN in preventing or dealing with these instabilities. Lori-Anne also revisits a report published in 2019 to explain the link between violent extremism, organized crime, and local conflicts in West Africa. She identifies the mechanisms of recruitment by so-called jihadist groups in the Sahel and discusses the different factors that drive individuals to join groups that are characterized by the use of extremist violence. She explains how security issues in the Sahel can have repercussions outside the region, in Europe, Asia and the Americas. She concludes with a discussion of Canada’s role in the Sahel – how and to what extent Canada should become more involved.